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It is a common misconception that acne only affects teenagers, actually not. Acne is a common skin disease that affects millions worldwide, regardless of age, ethnicity, and skin type. Acne happens when a combination of oil, hair follicles, and dead skin are trapped at the bottom of the hair follicles.
This occurrence leads to the formation of plugs that clog that pores and may cause inflammation when infected by bacteria. Acne can be chronic and can affect different parts of the body aside from the face, like the chest, neck, back and even butt. Wherever there are hair and hair follicles, there is a possibility of acne.
Acne ranges from small to cystic sizes. The small ones are usually non-inflammatory acne or classified as blackheads and whiteheads depending on the color of the “heads” appearing on top of the skin.
Blackheads are usually exposed plugs and the exposed “heads” turn black due to the reaction of the melanin pigment to air. Whiteheads, on the other hand, are covered plugs.
There are also inflamed acne types. Papules are the reddish and swollen type of pimples that are noticeable and irritating. Pustules are pimples, but inflammation is accompanied by pus.
A more critical type of acne is the nodular type which is barely noticeable because it does not have an “eye” but is painful and swollen inside. Cystic acne is the most significant type and maybe a combination of multiple inflamed hair follicles.
Management of this acne might require surgery as it does not usually erupt and it can cause profound tissue damage. All types of acne, especially inflammatory ones result in acne scars and require immediate attention.
There is no single cause for acne. The production of oil from the sebaceous gland is a natural process that keeps our skin soft, smooth, and waterproof.
But when this oil reaches the skin’s surface and is exposed to foreign materials or if the skin produces too much oil due to internal factors, is a significant contributor to acne. The most common causes of acne are as follows:
- Hormones. This best explains why puberty and pregnancy are linked to acne. The surges in hormones and trigger the overproduction of oil in the sebaceous glands.
- Poor hygiene. When the oil in the skin comes in contact with sweat, dirt, and bacteria which can be trapped in the pores can surely be a culprit of acne.
- Poor diet. Overeating sweet and salty food interferes with water retention of the body causing the inability to flush out toxins through sweat, urine, and bowel naturally.
- Overuse of skin products. Using too many skin products can prohibit the skin’s ability to breathe and shed dead skin due to product build-up. Likewise, the use of too many chemicals on the skin can strip off its natural moisture.
- Lack of sleep. Poor sleeping patterns can mess up our hormones and make our pores larger too. Not getting 6-8 hours of sleep can make your skin age faster and make you prone to acne.
Causes of Acne
Aside from knowing the common causes of acne, one must know how to address it once it is there. When you wake up in the morning with acne you can get these 15 natural remedies for acne in the comfort of your home:
Tea Tree Oil
Spot treat that inflamed acne by dabbing cotton swab dipped in premium tea tree oil around the inflamed skin surrounding acne. You can use TTO as skin maintenance as well by mixing 1-2 drops to a basin of water for the final wash for your face.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Another home product that works wonders is apple cider vinegar or ACV. Help heal your acne faster by applying a cotton ball dabbed in 1 part ACV and two parts water. Leave it overnight.
Melt away the annoying blackheads on your nose and cheeks by preparing your DIY baking soda nose pack. Mix 1:1 tablespoon of water and baking soda. Mix until the fizz is gone. Apply on your nose and leave it for 10 minutes, then wash off with warm water.
Known for its moisturizing and antibacterial properties, honey can be used as a 30-minute mask to make the pores tighter and relieve current acne inflammation. Wash with warm water after.
Green tea is known to help flush out toxins from the body. You can use it on your skin too as a toner or facial wash.
Close your pores, tighten your skin, relieve swelling, and shrink your acne – ice can do all of these. Best even for nodular and cystic acne. You do not also have to worry because it is 100% chemical-free.
If you think your acne is caused by skin dryness or it might result in to scar, remedy it with moisturizing and healing properties of aloe that can help in cell repair.
Citrus fruits, especially lemon can help exfoliate thin layers of the skin to reveal a more radiant and healthy-looking one. Using freshly squeezed lemon juice can act as a spot treatment, mask or as cleanser when mixed with water. It is not suitable for people with darker skin tone.
Get an instant facelift while softening deep-seated impurities on the skin. You can either apply egg whites for a film like the texture of whip it up for a creamy and more luxurious feel.
Aside from skin whitening uses of papaya, it can also help heal acne by softening the skin’s surface leading to faster healing and skin regeneration.
Most oatmeal brands promise to lower cholesterol in the body, well it can suck out oil from your skin too. Make an oatmeal mask mixed with oatmeal to reveal matte and nourished skin.
Staying hydrated makes the skin plump and healthy. Dry skin is prone to lesions and can harbor acne-causing bacteria.
Getting enough sleep and following a good sleeping pattern relaxes the whole body and the skin. The lack of sleep makes skin oily and pores bigger making it more susceptible to acne.
Green leafy vegetables, fruits high in Vitamin E and Vitamin C, and Omega 3-rich fish are excellent contributors to beautiful skin.
The best way to keep the blood running around the body is through exercise. Good blood circulation brings enough oxygen to the skin and sweating helps to get rid of toxins out of the body.
“It is never easy to have beautiful skin, but it is never hard to find natural remedies to help us achieve that.”
Author: Usman Raza is a freelance writer, marketing specialist at KeevaOrganics, and co-founder of Usman Digital Media. When not working, he’s probably spending time with his family. Follow him on Facebook @usmanraza40 and Twitter @usmanintrotech.